Top 10 Historical Places in Pakistan
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is located in South Asia. Pakistan is a country having lavish cultural and chronological antecedent. Along with varieties of cultures and rituals, there are plenty of landscapes and historical places in Pakistan, which turn it into a golden place for tourism.
The beautiful places of Pakistan captivated the hearts of around 6.6 million overseas tourists in the last few years. Fascinating tourist spot stretches from Taxila & Takh-e-Bahi to thousands of years old ruins of Indus Valley Civilization including Harappa & Mohenjo Daro. Pakistan is full of beautiful historical places coupled with the Mughal edifice. Pakistan has a lot of United Nations World Heritage monuments which are all privileged by the United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization – UNESCO.
If you are visiting Pakistan for the first time or are a citizen and want to explore the wonderful sites of Pakistan, then these places are unmissable.
It is a new city consisting of Sansikrat archaeological excavations. Originally it is located in the north-west of twin cities, in Punjab. Archaic Taxila was a crucial town of the Ancient Asian nation, placed at the cardinal adjunction of the subcontinent and Central Asia.
As a city, Taxila was born 1000 BCE back. Some of the ruins at Taxila of the time of the Persian Empire within the sixth century BCE, subsequently in turn by the Mauryan Empire, Yavanarajya, Indo-Scythian, and Syncretic Empire periods. The Taxila is also known as it servers the access ways to The Alexender the great.
It is an artefact of an old Buddhist cloister, in the city of Mardan, KPK. This Buddhist cloister was created in the first century and was operative until the seventh century. The history of this monastic organization is discriminated into 4 periods, the first period was started at the beginning of the 1st century BCE by Gondophares.
After Gondophres the organization took under the control of Kushan, the first king of the Kushan Empire, and second is followed by the establishment of an assembly hall & stupa court. The third and fourth periods are related to the Kushan Empire & Kidara Kushana sovereign.
|1st century BCE|
|Second period||Foundation of assembly hall & stupa court.||3rd and 4th century BCE|
|Third period||Kushan Empire|
|4th century BC|
|Fourth period |
|Kidara Kushana||5th century BC|
If you have a keen interest in history or you are a history buff, this place is a must for you to visit.
3: Pakistan Monument
Pakistan Monument is considered as a national monument of the country. The first brick was laid on 25th May 2004, was accomplished in 2006 and initiated on 23rd March 2007. There is also a National Heritage Museum located within the boundaries of the monument. The museum contains wax-work portraying all the key events in the history of Pakistan.
Amenities of the reference library, conference hall, audio-visual records, and an auditorium with 62 seats termed as Panorama Hall are also present within the confines of the national monument. The idea of the Pakistan Monument was presented by Gen. Pervaiz Musharaf in 2002. Then the ministry of Culture was assigned this task to manage through the Pakistan Council of Architect and town planners. The basic idea behind this monument signifies the strength, solidarity & dignity of the Pakistanis.
4: Rohtas Fort
The fort was created in the 16th century in the vicinity of Jhelum city in Punjab. Rohtas Fort was founded under the rule of Sher Shah Suri. The fort is famous for its ramparts and its tremendous gigantic gates. Rohtas fort was registered as a world heritage site in 1977 by UNESCO. The fort was aimed to restrict the Mughal emperor Hamayun to come back to India, as he was deported to Persia which is known as Iran now, after failing in the warfare of Kannauj. Rohtas Fort is present at a cardinal location between the mountains of Afghanistan and Punjab.
Rohtas Fort, Jhelum
Minar-e-Pakistan is among the national monuments situated in the heart of Pakistan, the city of Lahore. It was founded from the period of 1960 to 1968 at the place where All India Muslim League approved the Pakistan Resolution in 1940 on the 23rd of March. Minar-e-Pakistan is a fusion of Islamic and a Mughal architecture. Nasreddin Murat Kahn was a civil engineer who designed and oversaw this project.
6: Wazir Khan Mosque
The mosque was built in the 17th century and is situated within the historic core of the city of Lahore. Wazir Khan mosque is a masterpiece of the art of the Mughal era, was made in Shah Jahan’s government. It is named after the Physician of the Mughal Empire, Hakeem Ilam-ud-din Ansari, who was famous as Wazir Khan. A mausoleum of a Sufi saint, Miran Badsha is also in the arena of the mosque. Wazir Khan Mosque is well known for its ornamentation with Kasi-Kari tile which has no other match.
Wazir Khan Mosque, Lahore
7: Lahore Fort
Lahore Fort is a core fortified site of the city of gardens, Lahore. It is also among the piece of art of Mughal time. It was founded in the time of Emperor Akbar in 1566. Lahore Fort has two parts, first in an executive portion which is linked to the front gate which has Dewaan-e-khaas for the Royal guests. Second is a residential portion comprising of Sheesh Mahal, commodious lavatory, and lawns. The walls of the fort are embellished by the Iranian Kashi tiles.
The Lahore Fort
8: Hiran Minar
Hiran Minar is another part of Mughal times art, situated in Shiekhupura near Lahore. It was constructed in the time of Mughal Emperor Jhangir at the royal hunting place. There is a tomb of the beloved pet deer “Mansraj” of the King Jehangir. The Mughal Emperor Jehangir built Hiran Minar in the memory of his dearest antelope.
Hiran Minar, Shiekhupura
The great leader of the time and the Father of our Nation, Qaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah has his final resting place in his Home town, Karachi. This iconic symbol was designed modernly in 1960 and came to its accomplishment in 1971. The mausoleum also has the tomb of Fatima Jinnah, sister of the great leader who was known as Madar-e-Millat and Liaqat Ali Khan, the very first Prime Minister of Pakistan. Sardar Abdul Rab Nishtar, the leader of the Pakistan Movement is also resting here.
Various civil & martial activities are performed here including, Independence day celebrations, 23rd March that is a Pakistan Day, and the birthday and death anniversary of the great leaders.
10: Mohenjo Daro
Mohenjo Daro is the remains of Indus Valley Civilization in Larkana district, Sindh. It is also introduced as Harappa Civilization. It is among the world’s ancient and largest cities built-in 2500 BCE and was relinquished in the 19th century with the fall of Indus Valley Civilization. Mohenjo Daro was one of the most sophisticated cities of its time with the outstanding construction work and urbanization.
These are the most visited historical places in Pakistan and are among the tourist spots of the country. You must plan a trip to these diachronic and beautiful places of Pakistan.